1975 May 2

Eighteen Years Late, Blacklisted Writer Receives His Oscar

 

On this day, Hollywood screenwriter Dalton Trumbo finally received the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for the 1956 film, The Brave One. The announced winner of the award at the Oscars ceremony on March 27, 1957 was “Robert Rich,” Trumbo’s pseudonym while he was blacklisted for his political views.

Trumbo was a member of the Hollywood Ten, who refused to answer questions about their political views before HUAC, were convicted of  contempt of Congress, and served time in prison as a result (October 28, 1947; January 9, 1948). They were immediately blacklisted from working in the film industry. The major studios announced the blacklist on December 3, 1947. Producer/director Otto Preminger broke the blacklist when he announced on January 20, 1960 that he was hiring Trumbo to write the script for Exodus.

Trumbo wrote the scripts for Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo (1944), Spartacus (1960), and Exodus (1960). Director Otto Preminger helped break the blacklist by publicly hiring Trumbo to write the script for Exodus on January 20, 1960.

Read about the “Robert Rich” episode: Peter Brown and Jim Pinkston, Oscar Dearest (Ch. 12, “Little Red Oscar”) (1987)

See the 2015 film: Trumbo (2015)

See Trumbo’s HUAC Testimony: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tFR4RIyekis

Learn more about Trumbo’s life and career: Bruce Cook, Dalton Trumbo (1977)

Read a first-hand account by a blacklisted screenwriter: Walter Bernstein, Inside Out: A Memoir of the Blacklist (1996)

Watch a 1972 speech by Dalton Trumbo: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YhAXSDpvqVU

Find a Day

Go
Abortion Rights ACLU african-americans Alice Paul anti-communism Anti-Communist Hysteria Birth Control Brown v. Board of Education Censorship CIA Civil Rights Civil Rights Act of 1964 Cold War Espionage Act FBI First Amendment Fourteenth Amendment freedom of speech Free Speech Gay Rights Hate Speech homosexuality Hoover, J. Edgar HUAC Japanese American Internment King, Dr. Martin Luther Ku Klux Klan Labor Unions Lesbian and Gay Rights Loyalty Oaths McCarthy, Sen. Joe New York Times Obscenity Police Misconduct Same-Sex Marriage Separation of Church and State Sex Discrimination Smith Act Spying Spying on Americans Vietnam War Voting Rights Voting Rights Act of 1965 War on Terror Watergate White House Women's Rights Women's Suffrage World War I World War II Relocation Camps

Topics

Tell Us What You Think

We want to hear your comments, criticisms and suggestions!