1942 March 21

Congress Enforces Japanese-American Evacuation, Makes it a Crime to Leave a Relocation Center

 

Congress on this day passed Public Law 503, implementing President Roosevelt’s Executive Order 9066, issued on February 19, 1942, which authorized the military to remove people from the West Coast. The president’s Order resulted in the evacuation and internment of 120,000 Japanese-Americans, an event that is generally regarded as one of the greatest civil liberties tragedies in American history. Public Law 503 enforced the government’s program by making it a federal crime to violate any military regulation under the president’s order. This included leaving a Relocation Center, thereby effectively converting them into concentration camps.

Read the text of the law: http://www.internmentarchives.com/showdoc.php?docid=00104&search_id=9609

Learn more about the Japanese-American tragedy, Greg Robinson, By Order of the President: FDR and the Internment of Japanese Americans (2001)

Watch a Government Film on the “Relocation”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fdEcZFHehuk

Read a first-hand account of the evacuation and internment: Jeanne Wakatsuki Huston and James D. Houston, Farewell to Manzanar (2002)

Watch an interview with Jeanne Wakatsuki Huston: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wDDFw5TGkJo

Find a Day

Go
Abortion Rights ACLU african-americans Alice Paul anti-communism Anti-Communist Hysteria Birth Control Brown v. Board of Education Censorship CIA Civil Rights Civil Rights Act of 1964 Cold War Espionage Act FBI First Amendment Fourteenth Amendment freedom of speech Free Speech Gay Rights Hate Speech homosexuality Hoover, J. Edgar HUAC Japanese American Internment King, Dr. Martin Luther Ku Klux Klan Labor Unions Lesbian and Gay Rights Loyalty Oaths McCarthy, Sen. Joe New York Times Obscenity Police Misconduct Same-Sex Marriage Separation of Church and State Sex Discrimination Smith Act Spying Spying on Americans Vietnam War Voting Rights Voting Rights Act of 1965 War on Terror Watergate White House Women's Rights Women's Suffrage World War I World War II Relocation Camps

Topics

Tell Us What You Think

We want to hear your comments, criticisms and suggestions!