2001 September 14

War on Terror: Congress Passes Joint Resolution on Use of Force

 

Three days after the terrorist attacks on 9/11, Congress passed the Joint Resolution on Use of Force, authorizing President George W. Bush to “use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons . . .” President Bush signed the authorization on September 18. Rep. Barbara Lee (D–California) cast the lone “no” vote.

The immediate result of the Resolution was the American invasion of Afghanistan (“Operation Enduring Freedom”), which began on October 7th. The most insidious part of the resolution, however, was that the Bush administration used the resolution to undertake non-military force actions, such as surveillance, in the war on terrorism.

This resolution is not to be confused with the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq, passed by Congress on October 16, 2002, which was the basis for the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Read a short history and analysis of the Joint Resolution: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RS22357.pdf

Learn more: Susan Herman, Taking Liberties: The War on Terror and the Erosion of American Democracy (2011)

Find a Day

Go
Abortion Rights ACLU african-americans Alice Paul anti-communism Anti-Communist Hysteria Birth Control Brown v. Board of Education Censorship CIA Civil Rights Civil Rights Act of 1964 Cold War Espionage Act FBI First Amendment Fourteenth Amendment freedom of speech Free Speech Gay Rights Hate Speech homosexuality Hoover, J. Edgar HUAC Japanese American Internment King, Dr. Martin Luther Ku Klux Klan Labor Unions Lesbian and Gay Rights Loyalty Oaths McCarthy, Sen. Joe New York Times Obscenity Police Misconduct Same-Sex Marriage Separation of Church and State Sex Discrimination Smith Act Spying Spying on Americans Vietnam War Voting Rights Voting Rights Act of 1965 War on Terror Watergate White House Women's Rights Women's Suffrage World War I World War II Relocation Camps

Topics

Tell Us What You Think

We want to hear your comments, criticisms and suggestions!