1931 February 2

First Mass Deportations of Mexican-Americans in Los Angeles


Partly in response to the Depression, but also because of anti-immigrant sentiment and specific bias against Mexican-Americans, U.S. authorities on this day began rounding up and deporting Mexican-Americans to Mexico. Some of these were U. S. citizens who were deported illegally.

In the 1950s, the U.S. began another deportation action against Mexican-Americans in the Southwest. Called “Operation Wetback,” it began on June 17, 1954.

Read: Juan Ramon Garcia, Operation Wetback: The Mass Deportation of Mexican Undocumented Workers in 1954 (1980)

Hear Arlo Guthrie sing Woody Guthrie’s song, Deportee: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c2eO65BqxBE

Learn more: Felipe Fernandez-Armesto, Our America: A Hispanic History of the United States (2014)

Learn more about “Operation Wetback:” http://1950immigration.wordpress.com/operation-wetback/

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