1961 April 6

Highlander Center — Labor, Civil Rights Advocate — Loses License Revocation Case


The Highlander Folk School, founded in 1932, was an activist organization involved in civil rights, poverty, and organized labor issues. The state of Tennessee attempted to shut it down by revoking its license and seizing its property, alleging that director Miles Horton used the center for private gain, and that intoxicating beverages were being sold on the premises. (Most believe the alcohol was planted.) On this day, the Tennessee Supreme Court upheld the revocation. Highlander reopened the next day as the Highlander Research and Education Center in Knoxville, Tennessee.

The Highland Center is famous for Dr. Martin Luther King’s speech there on September 2, 1957. Photographs of him at the center were cited by anti-civil rights forces as evidence that he attended a “communist training school.” The Highlander Research and Education Center continues today in New Market, Tennessee.

Visit the Highlander Center web site: http://www.highlandercenter.org

Read about Myles Horton, Highlander Co-Founder: Dale Jacobs, ed., The Myles Horton Reader: Education for Social Change (2003)

Learn more; songs and memories collected by the Highlander staff: Guy and Candie Carawan, Voices From the Mountains [Life and Struggle in the Appalachian South (1982)

Find a Day

Abortion Rights ACLU african-americans Alice Paul anti-communism Anti-Communist Hysteria Birth Control Brown v. Board of Education Censorship CIA Civil Rights Civil Rights Act of 1964 Cold War Espionage Act FBI First Amendment Fourteenth Amendment freedom of speech Free Speech Gay Rights Hate Speech homosexuality Hoover, J. Edgar HUAC Japanese American Internment King, Dr. Martin Luther Ku Klux Klan Labor Unions Lesbian and Gay Rights Loyalty Oaths McCarthy, Sen. Joe New York Times Obscenity Police Misconduct Same-Sex Marriage Separation of Church and State Sex Discrimination Smith Act Spying Spying on Americans Vietnam War Voting Rights Voting Rights Act of 1965 War on Terror Watergate White House Women's Rights Women's Suffrage World War I World War II Relocation Camps


Tell Us What You Think

We want to hear your comments, criticisms and suggestions!