1909 February 12

NAACP Founded – Civil Rights Crusade Begins

 

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), founded on this day, quickly became the largest African-American civil rights organization in the country. The NAACP grew out of the Niagara Movement, which itself was founded on July 11, 1905. In the 1920s and 1930s, the NAACP led a long fight for a federal anti-lynching law (see the campaign’s origins on  April 1, 1918; May 5, 1919).

The NAACP litigation program was handled by a closely related but legally separate organization, the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc. (often referred to as simply LDF), which was established on October 11, 1939. The NAACP is still the largest African-American civil rights group in terms of membership. It also maintains a large lobbying office for issues in Congress. Technically, the LDF won the historic Brown v. Board of Education case on May 17, 1954, as well as the school and college education cases leading up to it.

Learn about the NAACP’s history: http://www.naacp.org/pages/naacp-history

Go to the NAACP web site: http://www.naacp.org

Read: Gilbert Jones, Freedom’s Sword: The NAACP and the Struggle Against Racism in America, 1909–1969 (2012)

Watch NAACP Chairperson Roy Wilkins in 1958: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sJBsL6KWpfY

Learn more about African American history: Henry Louis Gates, Life Upon These Shores: Looking at African American History, 1513-2008 (2011)

Find a Day

Go
Abortion Rights ACLU african-americans Alice Paul anti-communism Anti-Communist Hysteria Birth Control Brown v. Board of Education Censorship CIA Civil Rights Civil Rights Act of 1964 Cold War Espionage Act FBI First Amendment Fourteenth Amendment freedom of speech Free Speech Gay Rights Hate Speech homosexuality Hoover, J. Edgar HUAC Japanese American Internment King, Dr. Martin Luther Ku Klux Klan Labor Unions Lesbian and Gay Rights Loyalty Oaths McCarthy, Sen. Joe New York Times Obscenity Police Misconduct Same-Sex Marriage Separation of Church and State Sex Discrimination Smith Act Spying Spying on Americans Vietnam War Voting Rights Voting Rights Act of 1965 War on Terror Watergate White House Women's Rights Women's Suffrage World War I World War II Relocation Camps

Topics

Tell Us What You Think

We want to hear your comments, criticisms and suggestions!