1913 April 4

Racially Integrated Suffrage Conference Held in St. Louis


The Mississippi Valley Suffrage Conference became a racially integrated event on this day with the attendance of Mrs. Victoria Haley, an African-American. Her appearance caused a “commotion,” and the hotel management protested, but the meeting went forward as planned.

St. Louis at that time was a segregated Southern city, and across the country racist attitudes were rising. The leaders of the suffrage conference who had invited Mrs. Haley congratulated her on her courage.

Learn more: Paula Giddings, When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America (1984)

Learn more about the complex history of race and the suffrage movement: http://uschs.wordpress.com/tag/race-and-suffrage-movement/

Learn more about African American history: Henry Louis Gates, Life Upon These Shores: Looking at African American History, 1513-2008 (2011)

Find a Day

Abortion Rights ACLU african-americans Alice Paul anti-communism Anti-Communist Hysteria Birth Control Brown v. Board of Education Censorship CIA Civil Rights Civil Rights Act of 1964 Cold War Espionage Act FBI First Amendment Fourteenth Amendment freedom of speech Free Speech Gay Rights Hate Speech homosexuality Hoover, J. Edgar HUAC Japanese American Internment King, Dr. Martin Luther Ku Klux Klan Labor Unions Lesbian and Gay Rights Loyalty Oaths McCarthy, Sen. Joe New York Times Obscenity Police Misconduct Same-Sex Marriage Separation of Church and State Sex Discrimination Smith Act Spying Spying on Americans Vietnam War Voting Rights Voting Rights Act of 1965 War on Terror Watergate White House Women's Rights Women's Suffrage World War I World War II Relocation Camps


Tell Us What You Think

We want to hear your comments, criticisms and suggestions!