1955 December 5

Rosa Parks Convicted for Refusing to Give Up Her Seat; Bus Boycott Begins


Rosa Parks had refused to give up her seat to a white person on a segregated Montgomery, Alabama, bus on December 1, 1955. On this day, she was convicted of violating Alabama’s racial segregation law. The day also marked the beginning of a boycott of the Montgomery buses by the African-American community.

The Montgomery Bus boycott became one of the iconic events of the Civil Rights Movement. The boycott lasted for 12 months. In fact, however, the Montgomery buses were desegregated by a court order in Browder v. Gayle, in a case that began on March 2, 1955, several months before the bus boycott began and was finally settled by the Supreme Court on December 17, 1956. The Court ordered Alabama to desegregate the buses three days later.

In 2016 the Library of Congress placed digital copies of the entire collection of the Rosa Parks Papers on its web site, making it readily available for browsing, learning, and research. The collection consists of 7,500 manuscript items and 2,500 photographs and prints. The collection is owned by the Howard G. Buffett Foundation, who has loaned it to the Library of Congress for 10 years. (Howard Buffett s the son of the famous investor Warren Buffett.)

Visit the Rosa Parks collection at the Library of Congress and learn: https://www.loc.gov/collections/rosa-parks-papers/about-this-collection/

Read Rosa Parks’ fascinating 1956 description of the boycott: http://www.crmvet.org/disc/parks_mbb.pdf

Read her story: Rosa Parks, with Jim Haskins, Rosa Parks: My Story (1992)

Watch a 1983 interview with Rosa Parks: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L3h6s9jxZtE

Visit the Rosa Parks Library and Museum, Troy University, Montgomery, AL: http://visitingmontgomery.com/play/rosa-parks-library-museum-childrens-wing

Find a Day

Abortion Rights ACLU african-americans Alice Paul anti-communism Anti-Communist Hysteria Birth Control Brown v. Board of Education Censorship CIA Civil Rights Civil Rights Act of 1964 Cold War Espionage Act FBI First Amendment Fourteenth Amendment freedom of speech Free Speech Gay Rights Hate Speech homosexuality Hoover, J. Edgar HUAC Japanese American Internment King, Dr. Martin Luther Ku Klux Klan Labor Unions Lesbian and Gay Rights Loyalty Oaths McCarthy, Sen. Joe New York Times Obscenity Police Misconduct Same-Sex Marriage Separation of Church and State Sex Discrimination Smith Act Spying Spying on Americans Vietnam War Voting Rights Voting Rights Act of 1965 War on Terror Watergate White House Women's Rights Women's Suffrage World War I World War II Relocation Camps


Tell Us What You Think

We want to hear your comments, criticisms and suggestions!