1908 July 2

Thurgood Marshall, Civil Rights Giant, is Born

 

One of the greatest figures in U. S. history, Thurgood Marshall was an African-American attorney who headed the NAACP Legal Defense Fund from 1938 until 1961. He planned the strategy and the court cases that led to the historic Brown v. Board of Education case, which declared the principle of “separate but equal” unconstitutional. He also argued the case before the Supreme Court. The decision came on May 17, 1954.

Marshall was appointed by President Lyndon Johnson as the first African-American on the Supreme Court, and he  joined the Court on October 2, 1967.  He served on the Court until retiring in 1991, and he died in January 1993.

The Baltimore/Washington International Airport is named the Thurgood Marshall Airport in his honor. It is only one of many memorials to him. A statue of him stands at State House Square in Annapolis, Maryland.

Read: Carl Rowan, Dream Makers, Dream Breakers: The World of Justice Thurgood Marshall (1994)

Learn more about Thurgood Marshall:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XMNGNXGo82g

And more about this life and accomplishments: http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/thurgood-marshall

Read an oral history interview with Thurgood Marshall: http://www.lbjlibrary.net/collections/oral-histories/marshall-thurgood.html

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