1977 November 23

WASPS, WWII Women Pilots, Get Retroactive Military Status

 

The GI Bill Improvement Act of 1977, enacted on this day, retroactively granted military service status to 1,074 women who served as pilots during World War II, while they were members of the Women Air Force Service Pilots (WASPS). The Wasps were formed on April 23, 1943. The women flew non-combat missions, which freed male pilots for combat duty, but were classified as civilian employees and thereby denied veterans benefits.

The bill covered many subjects, and when President Jimmy Carter signed it into law he did not mention this part of it.

Read the novel (reportedly well-researched) about the WASPS: Cynthia Lee Carter, Wings (2012)

Learn about the WASPS at the Eisenhower Presidential Library: http://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/research/online_documents/jacqueline_cochran.html

Learn more: Evelyn Monahan and Rosemary Neidel Greenlee, A Few Good Women: America’s Military Women from World War I to the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan (2010)

Find a Day

Go
Abortion Rights ACLU african-americans Alice Paul anti-communism Anti-Communist Hysteria Birth Control Brown v. Board of Education Censorship CIA Civil Rights Civil Rights Act of 1964 Cold War Espionage Act FBI First Amendment Fourteenth Amendment freedom of speech Free Speech Gay Rights Hate Speech homosexuality Hoover, J. Edgar HUAC Japanese American Internment King, Dr. Martin Luther Ku Klux Klan Labor Unions Lesbian and Gay Rights Loyalty Oaths McCarthy, Sen. Joe New York Times Obscenity Police Misconduct Same-Sex Marriage Separation of Church and State Sex Discrimination Smith Act Spying Spying on Americans Vietnam War Voting Rights Voting Rights Act of 1965 War on Terror Watergate White House Women's Rights Women's Suffrage World War I World War II Relocation Camps

Topics

Tell Us What You Think

We want to hear your comments, criticisms and suggestions!