1963 March 13

Ernesto Miranda Arrested


Ernesto Miranda’s arrest on this day set in motion events that ended in the landmark Supreme Court case, Miranda v. Arizona (June 13, 1966), in which the Court held that police must advise arrested persons of their Fifth Amendment and Sixth Amendment rights: they must be informed of their right to remain silent, that they have a right to an attorney, and that an attorney will be provided if they cannot afford one. There is a lot of public misunderstanding about the Miranda warning, in part because it is not presented accurately in movies and television shows. The warning does not have to be given at the moment of arrest, but only after a person is in custody and before any questioning about the suspected crime. If a person blurts out a confession or incriminating information before any questioning, that information can be used against him.

Learn more about the historic case: Liva Baker, Miranda: Crime, Law, and Politics (1983)

And more here.

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