1921 July 5

Garland Fund Established to Support Civil Liberties in 1920s


Officially called the American Fund for Public Service, the Garland Fund supported civil liberties, labor and leftist causes in the 1920s, giving away about $2 million during the decade. It was named for Charles Garland, who did not wish to accept his inheritance for philosophical reasons and donated it to the fund. Roger Baldwin, Director of the ACLU, essentially controlled the Fund. It was devastated by the stock market crash and Great Depression, however, and disbanded in 1941.

Read about the Garland Fundhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garland_Fund

Read more about the Fund and Roger Baldwin: Samuel Walker, In Defense of American Liberties: A History of the ACLU (1990)

Watch Traveling Hopefully, a documentary about Roger Baldwin: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ND_uY_KXGgY

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