2003 September 17

Ohio Re-ratifies 14th Amendment


The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, originally adopted July 9, 1868, guarantees that the states shall not deprive people of due process of law or equal protection under the law. In January 1868, the Ohio legislature voted to reverse its earlier decision to ratify the amendment. Despite the Ohio legislature’s action, the federal government continued to count Ohio as one of the three-fourths of the states required for the amendment’s final approval. Ohio finally ratified the Fourteenth Amendment a second time on this day. See March 18, 1976, the day in which Kentucky finally ratified the amendment for the first time, the last state to do so.

Through the process of selective incorporation, the Supreme Court has made protections in the Bill of Rights applicable to the states. See the pivotal Supreme Court decision on incorporation in Gitlow v. New York, on June 8, 1925. The due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment is the cornerstone of the modern revolution in civil rights and civil liberties.

Follow a timeline of the ratification of constitutional amendments: http://www.lexisnexis.com/constitution/amendments_timeline.asp

Learn more: Michael Perry, We the People: The Fourteenth Amendment and the Supreme Court (1999)

Find a Day

Abortion Rights ACLU african-americans Alice Paul anti-communism Anti-Communist Hysteria Birth Control Brown v. Board of Education Censorship CIA Civil Rights Civil Rights Act of 1964 Cold War Espionage Act FBI First Amendment Fourteenth Amendment freedom of speech Free Speech Gay Rights Hate Speech homosexuality Hoover, J. Edgar HUAC Japanese American Internment King, Dr. Martin Luther Ku Klux Klan Labor Unions Lesbian and Gay Rights Loyalty Oaths McCarthy, Sen. Joe New York Times Obscenity Police Misconduct Same-Sex Marriage Separation of Church and State Sex Discrimination Smith Act Spying Spying on Americans Vietnam War Voting Rights Voting Rights Act of 1965 War on Terror Watergate White House Women's Rights Women's Suffrage World War I World War II Relocation Camps


Tell Us What You Think

We want to hear your comments, criticisms and suggestions!