1913 February 4

Happy Birthday Rosa Parks!


Rosa Parks was born on this day in Tuskegee, Alabama. She is famous for refusing to give up her seat on a segregated Montgomery, Alabama, bus on December 1, 1955, launching the famous Montgomery Bus Boycott, which officially began on December 5, 1955. The boycott was a seminal event in the civil rights movement, helping to establish the tactic of direct action to end segregation.

For the events in the Browder v. Gayle case, in which the Supreme Court formally desegregated the Montgomery buses, see the arrest of Aurelia Boynton and three other women on March 2, 1955; the lower court decision on June 13, 1956 ordering the buses desegregated; and the U.S. Supreme Court decision upholding the lower court decision on December 17, 1956.

Rosa Parks died on October 24, 2005.

In 2016 the Library of Congress placed digital copies of the entire collection of the Rosa Parks Papers on its web site, making it readily available for browsing, learning, and research. The collection consists of 7,500 manuscript items and 2,500 photographs and prints. The collection is owned by the Howard G. Buffett Foundation, who has loaned it to the Library of Congress for 10 years. (Howard Buffett s the son of the famous investor Warren Buffett.)

Visit the Rosa Parks collection at the Library of Congress here

View the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute: http://www.rosaparks.org/

Read her autobiography: Rosa Parks (with Jim Haskins), Rosa Parks: My Story (1992)

Watch a 1983 interview with Rosa Parks: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L3h6s9jxZtE

Read a biography: Douglas Brinkley, Rosa Parks (2000)

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